1. General Back Pain
Lumbar Segmental Joint Restriction
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22. Haldeman S, Dagenais S. What we have learned about the evidence-informed management of chronic low back pain? The Spine Journal. 2008(8): 266-277
23. Roger Chou, MD; Amir Qaseem, MD, PhD, MHA; Vincenza Snow, MD; Donald Casey, MD, MPH, MBA; J. Thomas Cross Jr., MD, MPH; Paul Shekelle, MD, PhD; and Douglas K. Owens, MD, MS, for the Clinical Efficacy Assessment Subcommittee of the American College of Physicians and the American College of Physicians/American Pain Society Low Back Pain Guidelines Panel*. Diagnosis and Treatment of Low Back Pain: A Joint Clinical Practice Guideline from the American College of Physicians and the American Pain Society. Ann Intern Med. 2007;147:478-491.
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26. von Heymann WJ, Schloemer P, Timm J, Muehlbauer B. Spinal high-velocity low amplitude manipulation in acute nonspecific low back pain: a double-blinded randomized controlled trial in comparison with diclofenac and placebo. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2013 Apr 1;38(7):540-8.
27. Francesca Cecchi, Raffaello Molino-Lova , Massimiliano Chiti, Guido Pasquini, Anita Paperini, Andrea A Conti, Claudio Macchi Spinal manipulation compared with back school and with individually delivered physiotherapy for the treatment of chronic low back pain: a randomized trial with one-year follow-up. Clinical Rehabilitation, Vol. 24, No. 1, 26-36 (2010)
28. Bronfort G, Haas M, Evans R, Bouter L. Efficacy of Spinal Manipulation and Mobilization for Lower Back Pain and Neck Pain: A Systematic Review and Best Evidence Synthesis, The Spine
29. Simon Dagenais, DC, PhDa,b,*, Ralph E. Gay, DC, MDc, Andrea C. Tricco, PhDd, Michael D. Freeman, PhD, MPH, DCe, John M. Mayer, DC, PhDf. NASS Contemporary Concepts in Spine Care: Spinal manipulation therapy for acute low back pain. The Spine Journal 10 (2010) 918–940
30. Dagenais S, Gay RE, Tricco AC, Freeman MD, Mayer JM (October 2010). “NASS Contemporary Concepts in Spine Care: spinal manipulation therapy for acute low back pain”. Spine J 10 (10): 918–40
31. Giles L, Mueller R. A Randomized Clinical Trial Comparing Medication, Acupuncture, and Spinal Manipulation. Spine, Volume 28, Number 14, 2003, pp. 1490-1503
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34. Koes, BW, Bouter LM, et al. “Randomised Clinical Trial of Manipulative Therapy and Physiotherapy for Persistent Back and Neck Complaints: Results of One Year Follow Up.” British Medical Journal, Volume 304, Number 6827, March 7, 1992, Pages 601-605.
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36. von Heymann, Wolfgang J. Dr. med.; Schloemer, Patrick Dipl. math.; Timm, Juergen Prof. Dr. rer. nat. PhD; Muehlbauer, Bernd Prof. Dr. med. Spinal HVLA-Manipulation in Acute Non- specific LBP: A Double Blinded Randomized Controlled Trial in Comparison With Diclofenac and Placebo. Spine. Publish Ahead of Print, POST ACCEPTANCE, 28 September 2012
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39. Gregory F. Parkin-Smith, MTech(Chiro), MSc, DrHC, Ian J. Norman, BSc, MSc, PhD, Emma Briggs, BSc, PhD, RN, Elizabeth Angier, BSc, MSc(Chiro), Timothy G. Wood, BSc, MTech(Chiro), James W. Brantingham, DC, PhD A Structured Protocol of Evidence-Based Conservative Care Compared With Usual Care for Acute Nonspecific Low Back Pain: A Randomized Clinical Trial Arch Phys Med Rehabil Vol 93, January 2012
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44. Long A, Donelson R, Fung T. Does it matter which exercise? A randomized control trial of exercise for low back pain. Spine. Dec 1 2004;29(23):2593-602.
45. Hides J, Stanton W, McMahon S, Sims K, Richardson C. Effect of stabilization training on multifidus muscle cross-sectional area among young elite-cricketers with low back pain. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2008;38:101-108
46. Tilbrook HE, Cox H, Hewitt CE, et al. Yoga for chronic low back pain: a randomized trial. Ann Intern Med. Nov 1 2011;155(9):569-78.
47. Haas M, Vavrek D, Peterson D, Polissar N, Neradilek M. Dose=response and efficacy of spinal manipulation for care of chronic low back pain: a randomized clinical trial. The Spine Journal (2013)
48. Menz HB1, Dufour AB, Riskowski JL, Hillstrom HJ, Hannan MT. Foot posture, foot function and low back pain: the Framingham Foot Study. Rheumatology (Oxford). 2013 Dec;52(12):2275-82. doi: 10.1093/rheumatology/ket298. Epub 2013 Sep 17.
2. Back Pain on both sides
Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction
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9. Michael J. Tuite Sacroiliac Joint Imaging. Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2008; 12(1): 072-082
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13. Vleeming A et al. The function of the long dorsal sacroiliac ligament: its implication for understanding low back pain. Spine 1996 Mar 1;21(5):556-62.
3. Back and leg pain
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10. Symmons DPM, Hemert AM, Vandenbrouke JP, et al. A longitudinal study of back pain and radiological changes in the lumbar spines of middle aged women: radiographic findings. Ann Rheum Dis. 1991;50:162–6.
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23. Bromfort G, Haas M, Evans RL, et al. Efficacy of spinal manipulation and mobilization for low back pain and neck pain: a systematic review and best evidence synthesis. Spine. 2004;4(3):335–56.
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32. Salzmann E, Pforringer W, Paal G, et al. Treatment of chronic low-back syndrome with tetrazepam in a placebo controlled double-blind trial. J Drug Dev. 1992;4:219–28.
34. Roos EM, Herzog W, Block JA, et al. Muscle weakness, afferent sensory dysfunction and exercise in knee osteoarthritis. Nat Rev Rheumatol. 2011;7:57–63.
35. Pickar JG. Neurophysiological effects of spinal manipulation. Spine J. 2002;2:357–71.
36. Srbely J. Spinal manipulative therapy and its role in the prevention, treatment and management of chronic pain J Can Chiropr Assoc. 2012 March; 56(1): 5–7.
37. Videman T, Battié MC, Gibbons LE, Gill K. Aging changes in lumbar discs and vertebrae and their interaction: a 15-year follow-up study. Spine J. 2014 Mar 1;14(3):469-78.
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4. Acute disc pain
Lumbar Disc Lesion
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19. Zeliha Unlu, Saliha Tasc, Serdar Tar han, Yuksel Pabuscu, and Serap Islak, Comparison Of 3 Physical Therapy Modalities For Acute Pain In Lumbar Disc Herniation Measured By Clinical Evaluation And Magnetic Resonance Imaging. JMPT Volume 31(3) 2008 191-98
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